In the Itembank, items/questions can be created for immediate use within assessments. If you choose to, you have the option to contribute your items to the public item bank so that it can be accessible to all Illuminate users. This lesson does not concern the evaluation and quality of individual questions (that is covered by the "Write/Select Quality Questions" lesson); rather, it covers the steps involved in building a constructed response item (an open-ended item that requires a student response) using the item creation features in the Itembank module.
Where to Start
1. Click on the Assessments tab.
2. Under Itembank, click Visit Itembank.
Create a New Item
1. Click Create.
2. Next click New Item.
3. Select Next.
Note: You may also start from the Items tab. Then click Create Item.
1. Select Constructed Response from the drop down menu. See the "Create a Multiple Choice Item" lesson to build an item containing a list of answer choices.
2. Click Teacher Instructions to type Teacher Instructions (e.g., Read the question aloud to your students) if applicable.
3. Enter the Stem. The stem is the beginning part of an item that presents a problem to be solved, a direct question, or an incomplete statement to be completed, as well as any other relevant information. Use the tool palette for special formatting such as bold, underline, HTML, symbols, math equations, graphs, adding a table, or uploading an image.
4. Click Save and Continue.
Rubrics are required for constructed response items. When the item is completed and then added to an assessment, the question will be manually scored by filling in the appropriate bubble on the answer sheet and then using Lightning Grader's camera grading, or by manually choosing the correct score from the dropdown in Enter/Edit.
1. Add a performance level to your rubric by clicking Add Rubric Level. If you plan to use this question on an assessment using an answer sheet that you will scan in using Lightning Grader, your rubric can only have 8 levels.
2. Enter the rubric performance level criteria.
3. Click the red minus (-) icon next to a criteria that you would like to remove. Use the arrow keys to move the criteria up or down.
4. Click Save once you have finished, then go to the Details tab.
Note: You can also create multiple rubrics for questions that have multiple parts. When added to an assessment that you publish to Illuminate, a three-part question would create three separate questions in your answer key and subsequent answer sheet (1A,1B,1C) and a question group (Question 1) for reporting.
1. Choose the bank where the item will be stored. The Public item bank is an Illuminate Education community-driven bank where items contained in that bank are accessible to any user. If you only want your item available to you, choose -None-. Districts may create their own banks to add to this list. Please contact our support team for assistance.
2. Select the Language used in the item (i.e., English, Spanish, German, or French). The red asterisk (*) next to Language indicates this field is required. Mark No or Yes to Exclude Stem from displaying to students. For example, an item may contain a passage that should be read aloud by the test proctor but should not be included in the test booklet for students to view. The red asterisk (*) next to Exclude Stem indicates this field is required. Also required is the Response Language, as in what language the students should be responding in.
3. If the item requires a specific layout format that should not be changed, pick the Layout Format for the item: 2 Column, 2 Column Table, Full Page, Distractors Side By Side, Distractors Horizontal 2 by 2, or Distractors Vertical 2 by 2.
4. Insert a Page Break before or after the question if needed.
5. You can enable student tools such as a Ruler or Calculator or add more specific item details like PARCC Claim or SBAC Claims and Targets. You can also Label items for easier searching. (ie Unit 5, Lit - Mark Twain Quiz)
6. Upload a Reference Material for students to reference during testing. If a question needs something like a Periodic Table, Formula Sheet, etc. you can add this as an image file and students will be able to access it when answering the question in online testing.
7. Click Save, then go to the Standards tab.
1. Select the standard type, subject and grade level for the standard(s) you will be linking to your item. As make your selections from the dropdowns, the standards will be loaded on the page below. To find a specific standard by key word or standard code, use the search box and then click Search.
2. You can click the arrow symbol beside each standard title to expand the strand or sub-strand and see the standards grouped beneath.
3. Select the standard(s) by clicking on the standard title. Once linked, you will see a chain link show next to the linked standard(s).
4. The standard(s) you selected will appear under Linked Standards. To remove a standard, click the 'X' next to it. You can continue to search and select more standards as needed.
If your item refers to a passage, you can search for existing passages in this step. If you would like to add a passage to the Itembank, see the Create a Passage article.
1. Select the Bank to which the passage belongs.
2. Enter the title or key words for a specific search. Then click Search. Once you click Search from the Search for a Passage step, the results will be returned on your screen.
3. Choose the correct passage in the search results by clicking on the title.
4. A preview of the passage will appear to the right.
5. Click Link Passage to associate the passage to your item. Once you link the passage, the title of the passage will appear in the Linked Passage area at the top of the page.
You may preview your item by going to the Step 5 View tab. The item preview will show the item step, distractor, correct answer (answer option letter is in green), aligned standard code, and other item information.
Note: This preview does not display in the specific item layout that you may have chosen in the Details step.
Publish is the final step of the item creation process. Prior to publishing, if you would like to make changes to your item, go to the appropriate tab to make your edits. When you are sure that your item is in final form and can be made available to add to assessments, click Publish.
Note: Once an item is published, it will be locked from further editing. To edit the item after it has been published, a new revision must be created.
Also, once an Item is published, you can add it directly to an existing assessment by clicking on the 'Add To' button. This will populate a list of assessments you can add this item to with one click.
The Revisions tab lists all versions of the item (including the master item), that has been revised after it was published. Once an item is published and added to an assessment, any further revisions of that item will not be updated in the assessment unless a user clicks on 'Update Assessments using old Item Revisions'. NOTE: Perhaps you realize that the answer choice was actually supposed to be A, not C. If you decide you need to revise the item and update the assessments using the older revisions, it WILL change all student scores associated with that assessment. When adding an item with several revisions to an assessment, the most recent revision will be used. To view an item revision, click on the number.