In the Itembank, items/questions can be created for immediate use within assessments. If you choose to, you have the option to contribute your items to the public item bank so that it can be accessible to all Illuminate users. This lesson does not concern the evaluation and quality of individual questions (that is covered by the "Write/Select Quality Questions" lesson); rather, it covers the steps involved in building a multiple choice item using the item creation features in the Itembank module.
Where to Start
1. Click on Assessments.
2. Under Itembank, click Visit Itembank.
Create a New Item
1. Click Create.
2. Next click New Item.
3. Select Next.
Note: You may also start from the Items tab. Then click Create Item.
1. Leave the default to Multiple Choice/ Selected Response. To create a constructed response item, see "Create a Constructed Response Item" lesson.
2. Click Teacher Instructions to type instructions for the teacher (e.g., Read the question aloud to your students) if applicable.
Note: Teacher Instructions are only viewable on the Itembank Teacher Booklet.
3. Enter the Stem. The stem is the beginning part of an item that presents a problem to be solved, a direct question, or an incomplete statement to be completed, as well as any other relevant information.
Use the tool palette for special formatting such as bold, underline, HTML, symbols, math equations, graphs, adding a table, or uploading an image. A spell check tool is also included in the palette.
4. Click Save and Continue.
1. Enter the answer choices in the space provided. Answer choices are options a student may pick from in a closed-response (e.g., multiple choice) assessment; these include the correct answer and the distractors.
2. Mark the correct answer by clicking the checkmark. It will turn green to indicate this is the correct answer.
3. You may add an additional answer choice by clicking Add Choice.
Note: If creating an assessment for scanning through Lightning Grader (using the printed answer sheets), you can only have up to 9 answer choices. In other words, if you create an item with 10 answer choices, only 9 bubbles will be printed on the answer sheet; therefore, the item will be invalid. However, if administering the test online, over 9 answer choices will work since the item and answer choices display online.
4. Click the red minus (-) icon next to an answer choice that you would like to remove. Use the arrow keys to move the answer choice up or down.
5. You may enter a rationale for each distractor to explain why a student may have chosen a particular answer option. For example, if a student selects "B. 10" for the question "What is 8 + 12?" he might have forgotten to carry the "1". Entering a rationale could help other teachers who have access to the item in reteaching concepts missed. Click the Up Arrow next to Rationale to enter the rationale.
6. Click Save once you have finished and proceed to the Details tab.
Multiple choice items are designed to score automatically when answers are submitted online or when the answer sheet is graded using camera grading. Adding a rubric will disable the auto-scoring feature and require the teacher to manually score the question in Administration > Enter/Edit.
1. Choose the bank where the item will be stored. The Public item bank is an Illuminate Education community-driven bank where items contained in that bank are accessible to any user. If you only want your item available to you, choose -None-. Districts may create their own banks to add to this list. Please contact our support team for assistance.
2. Select the Language used in the item (i.e., English, Spanish, German, or French). The red asterisk (*) next to Language indicates this field is required. Mark No or Yes to Exclude Stem from displaying to students. For example, an item may contain a passage that should be read aloud by the test proctor but should not be included in the test booklet for students to view. The red asterisk (*) next to Exclude Stem indicates this field is required. Also required is the Response Language, as in what language the students should be responding in.
3. If the item requires a specific layout format that should not be changed, pick the Layout Format for the item: 2 Column, 2 Column Table, Full Page, Distractors Side By Side, Distractors Horizontal 2 by 2, or Distractors Vertical 2 by 2.
4. Insert a Page Break before or after the question if needed.
5. You can enable student tools such as a Ruler or Calculator or add more specific item details like PARCC Claim or SBAC Claims and Targets. You can also Label items for easier searching. (ie Unit 5, Lit - Mark Twain Quiz)
6. Upload a Reference Material for students to reference during testing. If a question needs something like a Periodic Table, Formula Sheet, etc. you can add this as an image file and students will be able to access it when answering the question in online testing.
7. Click Save, then go to the Standards tab.
1. Select the standard type, subject and grade level for the standard(s) you will be linking to your item. As make your selections from the dropdowns, the standards will be loaded on the page below. To find a specific standard by key word or standard code, use the search box and then click Search.
2. You can click the arrow symbol beside each standard title to expand the strand or sub-strand and see the standards grouped beneath.
3. Select the standard(s) by clicking on the standard title. Once linked, you will see a chain link show next to the linked standard(s).
4. The standard(s) you selected will appear under Linked Standards. To remove a standard, click the 'X' next to it. You can continue to search and select more standards as needed.
If your item refers to a passage, you can search for existing passages in this step. If you would like to add a passage to the Itembank, see the Create a Passage article.
1. Select the Bank to which the passage belongs.
2. Enter the title or key words for a specific search. Then click Search. Once you click Search from the Search for a Passage step, the results will be returned on your screen.
3. Choose the correct passage in the search results by clicking on the title.
4. A preview of the passage will appear to the right.
5. Click Link Passage to associate the passage to your item. Once you link the passage, the title of the passage will appear in the Linked Passage area at the top of the page.
You may preview your item by going to the Step 5 View tab. The item preview will show the item step, distractor, correct answer (answer option letter is in green), aligned standard code, and other item information.
Note: This preview does not display in the specific item layout that you may have chosen in the Details step.
Publish is the final step of the item creation process. Prior to publishing, if you would like to make changes to your item, go to the appropriate tab to make your edits. When you are sure that your item is in final form and can be made available to add to assessments, click Publish.
Note: Once an item is published, it will be locked from further editing. To edit the item after it has been published, a new revision must be created.
Also, once an Item is published, you can add it directly to an existing assessment by clicking on the 'Add To' button. This will populate a list of assessments you can add this item to with one click.
The Revisions tab lists all versions of the item (including the master item), that has been revised after it was published. Once an item is published and added to an assessment, any further revisions of that item will not be updated in the assessment unless a user clicks on 'Update Assessments using old Item Revisions'. NOTE: Perhaps you realize that the answer choice was actually supposed to be A, not C. If you decide you need to revise the item and update the assessments using the older revisions, it WILL change all student scores associated with that assessment. When adding an item with several revisions to an assessment, the most recent revision will be used. To view an item revision, click on the number.