In addition to using formative feedback to inform instruction occurring every day in the classroom, Response to Intervention (RTI) involves analysis of established assessments at regular intervals to examine students’ learning rates, critical thinking skills, standards-based achievement levels, and progress in relation to peers. Instructional adjustments are made to meet identified needs, and placement decisions are made for tiered interventions.
Illuminate DnA’s rich assessment reports highlight needs by state standard and other groupings (e.g., content cluster, Bloom’s Taxonomy level, etc.) so you can see not only their performance levels, but can also pinpoint students’ specific needs and exactly where they are struggling. Reporting tools are easy to use (you can even add multiple and varied graphs to
custom reports) prebuilt assessment reports even highlight students’ performance in relation to peers.
While using assessment reports for class and program improvement, as well as for immediate formative response, was already covered (in the Good Instruction section), this section covers the type of analysis that accompanies more regulated assessment practices.
Overall Performance/Proficiency Band, Percent Correct, and Score
Open the Peer Comparison List Report to sort results by overall percent correct, raw score, or performance band. You will instantly see which kids are falling behind and which are excelling.
You can even customize the cut-points and labels of your proficiency bands (e.g., you might use bands like “Possible Benchmark”/“Possible Strategic”/“Possible Intensive” or “Consideration for Tier 2,” etc.)
Since performance in relation to peers is a component of RTI, the report also shows you how far above or below students scored in relation to peers who took the same test.
Performance by State and/or National Standard
Since you can align your test to any state content standard or national common core standard, the same report displays performance by those standards, as well.
You can sort by any standard with a single click to see which kids have demonstrated mastery of it and which are struggling.
You can also see how far above or below students scored (on a particular standard) in relation to peers who took the same test.
Performance by Question Group (Customized by You)
Illuminate also lets you align your questions to any question groups you want to set up. You may still align the same questions to standards, but this way you can also get results back by groups.
For example, you might want to set up (and thus be able to see student results by):
- Content Cluster or Strand (e.g., Word Analysis, Reading Comprehension, etc.)
- Bloom’s Taxonomy Level (e.g., Knowledge, etc.)
- Question Rigor (e.g., Easy, Medium, Hard)
- Vocabulary (e.g., Low vs. High Academic Vocabulary Used)
- Pacing (e.g., Material Already Covered, Material Not Yet Covered, or Fall, Winter, etc.)
- Anything Else You Want (it’s open-ended)
This allows you to sort by any question group with a single click to see which kids have demonstrated mastery of it and which are struggling.
For example, the reports are interactive, so you just click on any column’s header to sort by that particular question group.
As always, the report also shows how students performed for each question group in relation to peers who also tested.
Performance by Question
Though your analysis of each student’s needs will probably not get more specific than standard, you do have the ability to see which students missed each question, which students got it right, and how ever student answered each question. Illuminate’s Response Frequency Report makes this specific an analysis easy.
Performance over Time
The Standards Progress Report allows you to select any combination of assessments you choose and then analyize each student's performance on any standards and/or clusters assessed by those tests over time.
This report can be used for progress monitoring, as it indicates how students are progressing on individual standards or question groups (e.g., clusters) established by the author(s) of the set of assessments selected. In the Trend column, a green/up arrow indicates a student is trending up on a given standard (% correct for standard on most recent assessment is higher than average % correct for standard on all assessments selected), red/down arrow indicates trending down (% correct for standard on most recent assessment is lower than average % correct for standard), = sign indicates no change in performance, and N/A indicates not enough scores are present to calculate trend (student did not take one or more tests involved).
Consider a Single Student
On the same report you may click an individual score to view all scores for a particular student. For example, if you clicked on an individual score for a student's performance on a particular standard, you would see the given student's complete performance history (like above example) on the given standard (as scored on the assessments you selected earlier). The same can be done if you are viewing progress by content cluster.
Illuminate reports also let you zero in on a single student. For example, the Student & Parent Letters (which can generate as a personalized parent letter or a student letter) communicates a student’s score, which questions he or she missed, which he or she got right, how questions were answered, on which standards he or she did not fully demonstrate mastery, and on which standards he or she did.
Consider the students’ assessment history, language proficiency, special education status, and more by generating his or her Student Profile Report. There are multiple convenient ways to generate this. One is to simply search for the student…
…and then click Student Profile.
Here you see just one page of a rich Student Profile Report.
It Doesn’t Stop There
Other ways of considering individual student performance and progress were covered in the "Good Instruction" lesson in this manual, and more are covered in the next section, as well.
Assign Interventions And Goals
Use your analysis of varied measures (including teacher feedback) to assign interventions and clear, specific goals for students (covered more in the next section). However, the analysis of students’ needs is ongoing, as the interventions you are providing remain flexible to respond to new data.
In addition to tier placement, some students are considered for special education placement (data collected during Tiers 1, 2, and 3 can assist in determining eligibility).
You might also be interested in other chapters and lessons within the Illuminate Help system for assistance performing the actions described in the "RTI" manual for more help with your RTI implementation. For example, lessons in the "Assessments," "Reports," and "Summary Assessments," manuals might prove especially helpful, depending on the actions you wish to perform.